Health Informatics Glossary
National Association of City and County Health
National Alliance for Health Information Technology. Disbanded in 2009.
National Association for Public
Health Statistics and Information Systems.
National Association for Trusted Exchange.
North Coast Health Information Network,
awarded an HIE Expansion Grant in 2011 by Cal eConnect.
National Center for Health Statistics
provides comprehensive information on births, deaths, aging, disease
classification and other health statistics. See
National Cancer Institute, part of NIH.
National Cancer Informatics Program,
part of NCI.
National Council for Prescription Drug
Programs is an ANSI-accredited Standards Development Organization (SDO).
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The National Committee for Quality Assurance
is a private, 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization dedicated to improving
health care quality. NCQA quality measures are based on billing and claims data,
and therefore are focused on optimization of the purchasing of health care
services rather than on the clinical effectiveness of the care delivered.
National Committee on Vital and Health
Statistics is the statutory public advisory body on health data, statistics
and national health information policy for the U.S.
Department of Health and Human Services.
NCVHS was created by the HIPAA legislation.
National Electronic Disease Surveillance System.
The National eHealth Collaborative (NeHC) was a public-private partnership
established through a grant in 2008 from the Office of the National Coordinator
to build on the accomplishments of the American Health Information Community
(AHIC), which was a federal advisory committee to HHS until 2008. Essentially,
AHIC was transitioned to the private sector. For a few years NeHC found a role
as a source of educational programming ("NeHC University") among that portion
of the health care community that closely follows IT policy leadership by the
US government. In December 2013 NeHC merged with the HIMSS
Foundation to form the Center for
Family and Patient-Centered Care. See
National Emergency Medical Services Information System.
A collection of computing devices connected by communications channels.
Networks can be wired, wireless, open, closed, local, global, etc.
Never Events -
A medical error that should never occur under any circumstance.
National Governors Association.
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Organization (e.g., Médecins Sans
International, etc.), are legally constituted organizations that operate
independently of governments. The term was originated by the United Nations
to refer to organizations that are not part of a government and are not a
conventional for-profit business.
Health Information Infrastructure. A deprecated term replaced in
2004 by NHIN. See
("enn-hinn") A discontinued abbreviation for the
Nationwide Health Information Network. This term was replaced in 2010 by NwHIN.
NHIN Direct -
A push transport
sponsored by ONC as community development of a "simple interop" style protocol
conforming to the overall framework provided by the
National Health Service Corps is a
scholarship program operated by HRSA that repays student loans in exchange for
active duty in the USPHSC in communities with limited access to health care.
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.
Information Exchange Model.
The National Institutes of Health. The
mission of the NIH is to seek fundamental knowledge about the nature and
behavior of living systems and the application of that knowledge to enhance
health, lengthen life, and reduce the burdens of illness and disability.
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("nist") The National
Institute of Standards and Technology is a non-regulatory federal agency
within the Department of Commerce.
National Library of Medicine.
Part of the NIH. See
Natural Language Processing. See
Network Operations Center.
Unwanted pertubation accompanying a wanted signal.
is a feature ensuring that a system-level event (e.g., a user login) cannot
later be denied by the participant involved in the event. Non-repudiation is
the opposite of plausible deniability. See
A NoSQL database does not adhere fully to all relational DBMS features, e.g.,
it may be optimized for retrieve and append operations and offer little
functionality beyond record storage (e.g. key-value stores). The reduced
run-time features compared to a full SQL system may be compensated by gains
in scalability and performance.
Noun phrase. See
National Provider Identifier, maintained by CMS as part of NPPES.
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HIPAA mandated the adoption of standard unique identifiers for health care
plans and providers. In response, CMS developed and maintains the
National Plan and Provider
Enumeration System. Healthcare provider IDs are typically called NPI
Notice of Proposed Rule Making.
The National Quality Forum is a
private, not-for-profit membership organization created to develop and
implement a national strategy for healthcare quality measurement and
reporting. NQF quality measures are based on clinical data.
HL7 clinical note message segment.
Network Time Protocol is specified in
Nursing Informatics -
and practice that integrates nursing information and knowledge with
information and communication technologies to promote the health of people,
families, and communities worldwide.
NwHIN Validated Entities. See
("new-hin" or "enn-win") The Nationwide Health Information
Network is a collection of standards, protocols, legal agreements,
specifications, and services to enable secure exchange of health information.
The acronym NwHIN has the exact same meaning as the prior acronym,
NHIN, namely the "Nationwide Health Information Network."
Curiously, after six years of widespread national use of the previous acronym
"NHIN" (and its corresponding pronounciation "enn-hinn") ONC announced in 2010
that it would retain the name "Nationwide Health Information Network" but it
would cease use of the acronym "NHIN" due to its prior commercial use by a
vendor. In 2012 the NwHIN
governance was spun off to Healtheway, a public private partnership.
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NwHIN Exchange -
A group of federal agencies and private organizations that collaborated to
securely exchange electronic health information. The NwHIN Exchange was a core
feature of the Trial Implementation project. See
[ "nice" ] New York eHealth Collaborative.