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Health Informatics Glossary

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Kaizen   -   Japanese for "improvement", or "change for the better", the term refers to the philosophy or practices that focus upon continuous improvement of processes in manufacturing, engineering, game development, business management, health care and other business sectors.   See IHI

Keylogging   -   Short for keystroke logging. Refers to many techniques to log every key struck on a keyboard, typically in a covert manner so that the keyboard user is unaware that their keyboard usage is being recorded. Keylogging is often a feature of malware. Some countermeasures are available.   See Adware, Countermeasure, Malware

Key-value   -   A key-value database is an item-oriented table with no entity joins.   See MongoDB, NoSQL, Tuple

Kilobyte   -   A semi-ambiguous multiple of the unit byte. Depending upon the context, a kilobyte is 1,000 bytes (IEEE and ISO digital standards) or 1,024 bytes (memory circuits with a binary architecture). As the variance is small, and as the international electronic standards community has shown no concern for sorting out the binary v. digital distinction, the term "kilobyte" is ambiguously employed in dissimilar contexts as if it refers to the same quantity.   See Byte, IEEE, ISO, Megabyte

Knowledge Base   -   A database purpose built for knowledge management. The two types of knowledge bases are machine readable and human readable.   See Database, Expert System, Inference Engine





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Last Update:   26 June 2014