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Health Informatics Glossary

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NACCHO   -   National Association of City and County Health Officials.   See ASTHO, Biosurveillance, CDC, CDPH, CSTE, ISDS, WHO

NAHIT   -   National Alliance for Health Information Technology. Disbanded in 2009.

NAPHSIS   -   National Association for Public Health Statistics and Information Systems.

NATE   -   National Association for Trusted Exchange.

NCHIN   -   North Coast Health Information Network, awarded an HIE Expansion Grant in 2011 by Cal eConnect.   See Cal eConnect

NCHS   -   National Center for Health Statistics provides comprehensive information on births, deaths, aging, disease classification and other health statistics.   See CDC

NCI   -   National Cancer Institute, part of NIH.   See caBIG, NCIP, NIH

NCIP   -   National Cancer Informatics Program, part of NCI.   See caBIG, Informatics, NCI

NCPDP   -   National Council for Prescription Drug Programs is an ANSI-accredited Standards Development Organization (SDO).   See ANSI, SDO

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NCQA   -   The National Committee for Quality Assurance is a private, 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization dedicated to improving health care quality. NCQA quality measures are based on billing and claims data, and therefore are focused on optimization of the purchasing of health care services rather than on the clinical effectiveness of the care delivered.   See NQF, HEDIS

NCVHS   -   National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics is the statutory public advisory body on health data, statistics and national health information policy for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NCVHS was created by the HIPAA legislation.   See HHS, HIPAA

NEDSS   -   National Electronic Disease Surveillance System.

NeHC   -   The National eHealth Collaborative (NeHC) was a public-private partnership established through a grant in 2008 from the Office of the National Coordinator to build on the accomplishments of the American Health Information Community (AHIC), which was a federal advisory committee to HHS until 2008. Essentially, AHIC was transitioned to the private sector. For a few years NeHC found a role as a source of educational programming ("NeHC University") among that portion of the health care community that closely follows IT policy leadership by the US government. In December 2013 NeHC merged with the HIMSS Foundation to form the Center for Family and Patient-Centered Care.   See AHIC, FACA, HHS, HIMSS, ONC

NEMSIS   -   National Emergency Medical Services Information System.

Network   -   A collection of computing devices connected by communications channels. Networks can be wired, wireless, open, closed, local, global, etc.   See Internet

Never Events   -   A medical error that should never occur under any circumstance.

NGA   -   National Governors Association.

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NGO   -   Non-Governmental Organization (e.g., Médecins Sans Frontières, Amnesty International, etc.), are legally constituted organizations that operate independently of governments. The term was originated by the United Nations to refer to organizations that are not part of a government and are not a conventional for-profit business.

NHII   -   National Health Information Infrastructure. A deprecated term replaced in 2004 by NHIN.   See LHII, NHIN, NwHIN

NHIN   -   ("enn-hinn")   A discontinued abbreviation for the Nationwide Health Information Network. This term was replaced in 2010 by NwHIN.   See LHII, NHII, NwHIN, ONC

NHIN Direct   -   A push transport specification sponsored by ONC as community development of a "simple interop" style protocol conforming to the overall framework provided by the NHIN Workgroup.   See Simple Interop

NHSC   -   National Health Service Corps is a scholarship program operated by HRSA that repays student loans in exchange for active duty in the USPHSC in communities with limited access to health care.   See HRSA, PHS

NICU   -   Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.   See ICU

NIEM   -   ("neem")   National Information Exchange Model.   See IEPD

NIH   -   The National Institutes of Health. The mission of the NIH is to seek fundamental knowledge about the nature and behavior of living systems and the application of that knowledge to enhance health, lengthen life, and reduce the burdens of illness and disability.   See HHS, NCI, NLM, RxNORM, UMLS

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NIST   -   ("nist")   The National Institute of Standards and Technology is a non-regulatory federal agency within the Department of Commerce.   See FIPS, FISMA, LOA, PII

NLM   -   National Library of Medicine. Part of the NIH.   See HHS, NIH, RxNORM, UMLS

NLP   -   Natural Language Processing.   See CUI, NP, VP

NOC   -   Network Operations Center.

Noise   -   Unwanted pertubation accompanying a wanted signal.   See Analog, Channel, GIGO, Robo-text, Signal

Non-repudiation   -   Non-repudiation is a feature ensuring that a system-level event (e.g., a user login) cannot later be denied by the participant involved in the event. Non-repudiation is the opposite of plausible deniability.   See Access Control, Authetication

NoSQL   -   A NoSQL database does not adhere fully to all relational DBMS features, e.g., it may be optimized for retrieve and append operations and offer little functionality beyond record storage (e.g. key-value stores). The reduced run-time features compared to a full SQL system may be compensated by gains in scalability and performance.   See DBMS, Key-value, MongoDB, SQL

NP   -   Noun phrase.   See CUI, NLP

NPI   -   National Provider Identifier, maintained by CMS as part of NPPES.   See CMS, NPPES

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NPPES   -   HIPAA mandated the adoption of standard unique identifiers for health care plans and providers. In response, CMS developed and maintains the National Plan and Provider Enumeration System. Healthcare provider IDs are typically called NPI numbers.   See CMS, HIPAA, NPI, UPIN

NPRM   -   Notice of Proposed Rule Making.   See IFR

NQF   -   The National Quality Forum is a private, not-for-profit membership organization created to develop and implement a national strategy for healthcare quality measurement and reporting. NQF quality measures are based on clinical data.   See NCQA

NTE   -   HL7 clinical note message segment.   See HL7

NTP   -   Network Time Protocol is specified in RFC 5905.   See CT, RFC

Nursing Informatics   -   The science and practice that integrates nursing information and knowledge with information and communication technologies to promote the health of people, families, and communities worldwide.   See AMIA, Informatics

NVE   -   NwHIN Validated Entities.   See ONC

NwHIN   -   ("new-hin" or "enn-win")   The Nationwide Health Information Network is a collection of standards, protocols, legal agreements, specifications, and services to enable secure exchange of health information. The acronym NwHIN has the exact same meaning as the prior acronym, NHIN, namely the "Nationwide Health Information Network." Curiously, after six years of widespread national use of the previous acronym "NHIN" (and its corresponding pronounciation "enn-hinn") ONC announced in 2010 that it would retain the name "Nationwide Health Information Network" but it would cease use of the acronym "NHIN" due to its prior commercial use by a vendor. In 2012 the NwHIN governance was spun off to Healtheway, a public private partnership.   See CONNECT, DURSA, FHA, Healtheway, NeHC, NHIN, Prototype Architecture, ONC, Trial Implementation

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NwHIN Exchange   -   A group of federal agencies and private organizations that collaborated to securely exchange electronic health information. The NwHIN Exchange was a core feature of the Trial Implementation project.   See CONNECT, DURSA, Healtheway, Trial Implementation

NYeC   -   [ "nice" ]   New York eHealth Collaborative.   See HEAL-NY, SHIN-NY





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